写真

Photographer's Note

With this photo I end the series of photos dedicated to the Baltic capitals.


Tallinn has traditionally been an important port of the Baltic, the city is named for the first time with the name of Qualeveni in 1154 by an Arab geographer. In the year 1219 it was occupied by the Danes, who gave it the name of "Revle", from which in turn the German meaning "Revla" was derived and by which the city was known for centuries although for the Estonians it was " Taani linn ", the Danish city and that is where the current name comes from.

In 1227 it was invaded by the Order of the Portaespada, a military order that had been installed in Riga. Some years later the first merchants of Lbeck were established, who built the first nucleus of the present Vanalinn, the "ancient city".

In 1284 it became part of the Hanseatic League and in the same period began the construction of the city wall. When a fire completely destroyed it in 1433, Reval rivaled the Russian city of Novgorod for the rule of the League. The subsequent reconstruction is due to the current appearance of the historical nucleus.

Fruit of commercial activity, the XIV and XV centuries are quite fruitful for the economy, as proven by the numerous buildings built in that period to accommodate the different commercial guilds.

In the sixteenth century the introduction of the Reformation forced the destruction of churches and monasteries. Between 1558 and 1583 takes place the Livonian War that stops the period of development of the city, and then it is Ivan the Terrible who wants to occupy Estonia but finally the Swedes will get to settle in the territory.

The contemporary political and military rise of the Vasa kings in Sweden and their conflict with Russia meant that at the end of the Great Northern War (1700 - 1721) the city finally fell into the hands of the Russia of the Tsars, where it would remain until the I World War.

Tallinn saw its number of inhabitants of German origin fall rapidly in favor of Estonians and Russians and the process of "Russification" was unstoppable. Towards the end of the 19th century, the process of industrialization of the city began that would allow its growth and the construction of new neighborhoods.

The Second World War and subsequent Soviet occupation
In almost forty years, since the end of World War II and annexed the country to the Soviet Union, the population of Tallinn doubled basically because of Russian immigration. This rapid growth resulted in the construction of neighborhoods of block buildings that in no way differed from those of any other Soviet city.

Since 1991, after the independence of Estonia from the Soviet Union, the city is again the capital of a sovereign State in independent.

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Con esta foto doy por terminada la serie de fotos dedicadas a las capitales Balticas.

Tallinn ha sido tradicionalmente un importante puerto del B疝tico, la ciudad es nombrada por primera vez con el nombre de Qualeveni en 1154 por un gegrafo 疵abe. En el ao 1219 fue ocupada por los daneses, que le dieron el nombre de "Revle", del que a su vez se deriv la acepcin alemana "Revla" y por la que se conoci a la ciudad durante siglos aunque para los estonios era "Taani linn", la ciudad danesa y que es de donde proviene el nombre actual.

En 1227 fue invadida por la Orden de los Portaespada, una orden militar que se haban instalado en Riga. Algunos aos m疽 tarde se establecieron los primeros comerciantes de Lbeck, que construyeron el primer ncleo de la actual Vanalinn, la "ciudad antigua".

En 1284 entr a formar parte de de la Liga Hanse疸ica y en el mismo perodo comenz la construccin de la muralla de la ciudad. Cuando en 1433 un incendio la arras por completo, Reval rivalizaba con la ciudad rusa de Nvgorod por el dominio de la Liga. A la posterior reconstruccin se debe el aspecto actual del ncleo histrico.

Fruto de la actividad mercantil, los siglos XIV y XV son bastante fructferos para la economa, como prueban los numerosos edificios construdos en ese perodo para acoger los diferentes gremios comerciales.

Fis2, holmertz, mcmtanyel, ikeharel, COSTANTINO, gervaso, PaulVDV, macjake, cornejo has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Luis Garcia (adramad) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7995 W: 5 N: 14082] (62756)
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