写真

Photographer's Note

Chiesa di San Sabino de Plano

It stands near a part of the Via Flaminia, in an area where the discovery of burials and epigraphic materials from the Roman period has allowed us to attest to the presence of a cemetery.
Numerous reuse materials are used, including a funerary inscription, suggesting a reuse made by a counting of the adjacent sepulchral areas located along the Flaminia. Certainly pertinent to a sepulchral monument to a drum are the six large curvilinear ashlars used again along the external wall of the right side apse of the church.
A mutilated inscription indicates the owner, or rather the owners of the tomb, perhaps the Gens Caesia, already attested in Spoleto by a travertine funeral memorial.
Abandoned in the late medieval period, with the development of Christianity the territory was repopulated, and the construction of new churches along the main roads saw frequent phenomena of reuse from the pagan cemetery areas for the construction of new buildings of worship.
Many hagiographic tales date back to this period, to which various foundations refer both in the city and in the immediate suburb and in the Spoleto area (such as the church of San Brizio and the church of San Giovanni di Panaria).
According to tradition, the church was built on the sepulcher of Sabino (or Savino), bishop of Spoleto, a Christian martyr from the time of Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletian. The saint was the object of great veneration in Spoleto in the early Middle Ages. It is likely that a building erected on the tomb of San Sabino already existed in the VI century.
Paolo Diacono in his History of the Lombards handed down a description of the building, already in the eighth century destination of pilgrims and visited by illustrious personages of the Longobard duchy. In the 11th century it became a parish church and was completely rebuilt and at the end of the 12th century it was extensively remodeled, a period in which the pointed arches of the bays date back.
In this place took place the episode of the conversion of St. Francis of Assisi.
Francis, in 1205, had left to seek glory in the war of Puglia, where Pope Innocent III wanted to restore order and counter the ambitions of Diopoldo da Acerra, who was rebelling. The Pope had sent Gualtieri III of Brienne, brother of John, King of Jerusalem.
Arrived in Spoleto at sunset, he stopped to sleep in the building of San Sabino. In his sleep he was attacked by a strong fever and he dreamed of the Lord who said to him "Who can be more useful: the master or the servant?" Francis replied: "The master". "Why then do you abandon the master to follow the servant, and the prince to the subject?" Then Francis asked: "Lord, what do you want me to do?": "Return to your city and there you will be told what you have to do; for the vision that appeared to you must interpret it in a completely different sense." So Francis returned in Assisi, abandoning his fellow soldiers, and began his new life.
Other works were undertaken in the 16th and 17th centuries.
In 1768, following the damage caused by the earthquake of the previous year. the building underwent further deep transformations: the reconstruction of the upper part of the fa軋de, the arrangement of the presbytery area, the construction of the wooden ceiling, the new sacristy and the side altars open in the thickness of the wall.
The fa軋de of the church is partly the result of the restoration carried out in 1768 to remedy the damage caused by the earthquake that in the previous year had struck the city of Spoleto.
On this occasion the upper part of the facade was rebuilt and the large trapezoidal window was opened.
The portal is fragmentary, with its jambs having regular recesses, probably due to a mosaic decoration that has disappeared today.
The lower part of the fa軋de, better preserved in its original forms, houses the simple portal whose jambs, made up of marble pieces of reuse, have regularly arranged cavities that had to accommodate stone mosaic tiles. Other material from ancient buildings that had to rise many along the nearby Spoleto diverticulum of the Via Flaminia is located in the right side of the church and in the apse, one of the oldest surviving structures, dating back to the 11th century, as evidenced by the archaic nature of some elements, such as the absence of pilasters and the unusual width of the hanging arches that decorate them.
The large curved travertine blocks used above all in the left apse, of which one with an inscription, were evidently recovered from a circular Roman building.
Inside, the Romanesque structure with a basilical plan with three apsed aisles has been preserved, the presbytery is raised due to the presence of an underlying crypt, according to a construction scheme very common in Umbria. Pillars alternating with columns, surmounted by very simple cube-shaped capitals, support the sixth-ac arches


Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16810 W: 130 N: 34731] (192735)
  • Genre: 場所
  • Medium: カラー
  • Date Taken: 2014-11-22
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/0.9, 30 seconds
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2019-11-30 0:28
Viewed: 465
Points: 40
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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 16810 W: 130 N: 34731] (192735)
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