写真

Photographer's Note

Standing on a rocky outcrop above the Vienne river, Ch穰eau de Chinon has natural defences on three sides and a ditch dug along the fourth.

The castle is divided, along its length, into three enclosures, each separated by a deep dry moat. There are some similarities with Ch穰eau Gaillard, built by Richard the Lionheart in the closing years of the 12th century, which also consists of three three enclosures and sits on a promontory above a nearby town.

The easternmost enclosure is known as Fort St-Georges, the central is the Ch穰eau du Milieu (the middle castle), while the westernmost is known as the Fort du Coudray. The Fort St-George was built under Henry II and contained a chapel dedicated England's patron saint. The Ch穰eau du Coudray was added by Philip II in the early 13th century, while the Ch穰eau de Milieu was built in the 12th and 14th centuries. The round Tour du Coudray built by Philip II guarded the bridge linking the Fort du Coudray and the Ch穰eau de Milieu. While the curtain wall stands in many places, the buildings within the ch穰eau do not survive to the same extent, and in many cases little more can be said about them than the location of their foundations and possible use.




La forteresse royale de Chinon, comme beaucoup de ch穰eaux, est construite sur un 駱eron rocheux dominant la Vienne et la ville. Cette position strat馮ique lui permet de s誕ssurer le contrle du passage sur la Vienne, affluent de la Loire. Le bourg s弾st d騅elopp en contrebas, sur la rive.

Petit petit, l弾space a 騁 structur en trois parties distinctes, que les rois ont appel leurs ォ trois ch穰eaux サ, et qui figurent de mani鑽e stylis馥 sous la forme de trois tours sur les armoiries de la ville.

Ainsi, d弛uest en est, l帝peron est barr par une s駻ie de foss駸 - des douves s鐵hes - qui s駱arent les trois ch穰eaux : le fort du Coudray, le ch穰eau du Milieu, et le fort Saint-Georges. Chacun des trois ch穰eaux poss鐡e une enceinte ind駱endante. C弾st dans le ch穰eau principal, le ch穰eau du Milieu, que se d騅eloppent les principaux logis et le prieur Saint-Melaine.

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Additional Photos by Jean Jacques Cordier (jjcordier) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6720 W: 240 N: 11709] (79299)
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