写真

Photographer's Note

Kyōto Station (京都駅, Kyōto-eki) is a major railway station and transportation hub in Kyōto, Japan. It has Japan's second-largest station building (after Nagoya Station) and is one of the country's largest buildings, incorporating a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one 15-story roof. It also housed the Kyōto City Air Terminal until August 31, 2002.

Kyoto Station is served by the following railway lines:

Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central)
Tokaido Shinkansen
West Japan Railway Company (JR West)
Tokaido Main Line (Biwako Line and JR Kyoto Line)
Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line)
Nara Line
Kintetsu Railway
Kyoto Line
Kyoto Municipal Subway
Karasuma Line
In addition to the lines above, the following lines, among others, have through services to Kyoto Station:

JR West
Kosei Line
Kusatsu Line

The governmental railway from Kobe reached Kyoto on September 5, 1876, but the station was under construction and a temporary facility called Ōmiya-dōri (Ōmiya Street) Temporary Station was used until the opening of the main station. The first Kyoto Station opened for service by decree of Emperor Meiji on February 5, 1877.

In 1889, the railway became a part of the trunk line to Tokyo (Tokaido Main Line). Subsequently, the station became the terminal of two private railways, Nara Railway (1895, present-day Nara Line) and Kyoto Railway (1897, present-day Sagano Line), that connected the station with southern and northern regions of Kyoto Prefecture, respectively.

The station was replaced by a newer, Renaissance-inspired facility in 1914, which featured a broad square (the site of demolished first station) leading from the station to Shichijō Avenue. Before and during World War II, the square was often used by imperial motorcades when Emperor Showa traveled between Kyoto and Tokyo. The station was spacious and designed to handle a large number of people, but when a few thousand people gathered to bid farewell to naval recruits on January 8, 1934, 77 people were crushed to death. This station burned to the ground in 1950, and was replaced by a more utilitarian concrete facility in 1952.

The current Kyoto Station opened in 1997, commemorating Kyoto's 1,200th anniversary. It is 70 meters high and 470 meters from east to west, with a total floor area of 238,000 square meters. Architecturally, it exhibits many characteristics of futurism, with a slightly irregular cubic fa軋de of plate glass over a steel frame. The architect was Hiroshi Hara.

Kyoto, one of the least modern cities in Japan by virtue of its many cultural heritage sites, was largely reluctant to accept such an ambitious structure in the mid-1990s: The station's completion began a wave of new high-rise developments in the city that culminated in the 20-story Kyocera Building.

Aside from the main building on the north side of the station, the Hachijō-guchi building on the south side was built to house Tokaido Shinkansen which started operation in 1964. The underground facilities of the station, including the shopping mall Porta beneath the station square, were constructed when the subway opened in 1981.
In fiscal 2016, the JR West part of the station was used by an average of 200,426 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the second busiest JR West station after Osaka. The Kyoto Municipal Subway station was used by an average of 123,360 passengers daily (in fiscal 2016).

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Nikola Nadas (NickVu) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 11 W: 0 N: 496] (323)
  • Genre: 場所
  • Medium: カラー
  • Date Taken: 2018-05-10
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2022-04-15 0:57
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Points: 0
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