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Photographer's Note

The Nike of Paionios is an ancient statue of the Greek goddess of victory, Nike, made by sculptor Paionios 425-420 BC.
Made of Parian marble, the medium gives the statue a translucent and pure white look to it. Found in pieces, the statue was restored from many fragments but is lacking face, neck, forearms, part of left leg, toes, and some fragments of drapery. It also had wings.
The goddess is shown landing gently on her left foot, with the drapery blown against her body.


Descriptive plaque at base in Olympia
The statue was installed to commemorate the victory of a land battle between Athens and Sparta in efforts to recapture the small island of Sphacteria from the Spartans in 425 BC, and then erected in 420 BC a few years after the victory.

It was common for statues of Nike to be commissioned and put up after significant victories and achievements.

It is in this instance, Nike was used for political propaganda as the sculpture would have been seen by all Greeks who frequented the temple.

It has the inscription "The Messenians and the Naupaktians dedicated this statue to Zeus Olympios from the spoils of the wars. Paionios of Mende made it, who also won the competition to make the acroteria of the temple".
In this competition, the winner would be the one to carve the sculpture of Nike, and it went to Paionios. His victory in the competition was likely the result of devising not only the most aesthetically pleasing option but also the most financially feasible.

On top of this, Pausanias assigns it to Paionios Mende through writing that figures in the front are 'by Paeonius, a native of Mende in Thrace."

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Costantino Topas (COSTANTINO) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 12131 W: 23 N: 19111] (119136)
  • Genre: 場所
  • Medium: カラー
  • Date Taken: 2022-07-27
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2022-08-03 13:11
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Additional Photos by Costantino Topas (COSTANTINO) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 12131 W: 23 N: 19111] (119136)
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