写真

Photographer's Note

The Millennium Monument, Budapest

The monument created as a memorial to 1000th anniversary of the Hungarian settlement, is a determinant work of art of the Heroes' Square (Hősk tere). 14 renowned figures of the Hungarian history found their place in this composition, which has been redesigned on several occasions. In the middle the spirit of victory personified by Archangel Gabriel stands on top of a 36 metre-tall column.

This Eclectic monument is a semicircular construction, 85 metres wide, 25 metres deep (the most inner point is 25 metres from the two end points of the semicircle), 13 metres high, the distance between the two wings is 20 metres. Between the pillars stand 14 statues of kings (chieftain, governor), 7 on the left and 7 on the right. On the pedestal under the open niches in which the statues stand, are reliefs with inscriptions, illustrating historical events from the life of the person depicted by the statue above, or from that period of history.

The statues seen today: King Saint Stephen I (I. Szent Istv疣 kir疝y), King Saint Laszl I (I. Szent L疽zl kir疝y), K疝m疣 the Bookish (Knyves K疝m疣), Andrew II (II. Andr疽), B駘a IV, Charles Robert (K疵oly Rbert), Louis I the Great (I. Nagy Lajos), J疣os Hunyadi, Matthias I (M疸y疽 kir疝y), Istv疣 Bocskai, G畸or Bethlen, Imre Thkly, Ferencz R疚czi II, and Lajos Kossuth.
Above the rows of pillars there are two statues groups on each side. Within the butt piers of the colonnade are the two horse chariots of War and Peace; the outside is closed by the bronze, allegorical figures of Work and Prosperity, Knowledge and Glory.
In the centre of the monument the spirit of victory, Archangel Gabriel stands on a 36 metre-high Corinthian column designed by architect Albert Schikedanz. The statue created by Gyrgy Zala won a Grand-Prix at the 1900 Paris World Exhibition.

Nearly 5 metres tall, the bronze archangel with extended wings holds up the Hungarian crown with one hand, a double cross with the other. The statues of Chieftain チrp疆 and the six other conquering tribe leaders on horseback stand around the pedestal of the column.

The National Memorial Stone (Nemzeti Hősi Eml駝mű) of the Nation's Heroes (Nemzet Hősei), originally in front of the memorial column, was replaced in 1956 by the Hungarian Heroes' Memorial Stone designed by B駘a Gebhardt. Decorated with a laurel branch, the capping stone bears the inscription: "In memory of the heroes who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of our people and independence of our nation". (Source: vend馮varo)

carlosmarin, snunney, timecapturer, SnapRJW, vasilpro, dip, dkmurphys, macjake has marked this note useful

Photo Information
Viewed: 7590
Points: 38
Discussions
  • None
Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH