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Photographer's Note

Abbey of San Clemente a Casauria
Among the most beautiful medieval monuments in Abruzzo, the Benedictine Abbey of San Clemente a Casauria was built along the ancient route of the Via Claudio-Valeria. According to the Chronicon Casauriensis, a manuscript compiled around the second half of the 12th century by the monk Giovanni di Berardo, commissioned by the Abbot Leonate, the foundation dates back to September 871. The choice of the site, close to the Pescara river, between the Duchy of Spoleto and North and Duchy of Benevento to the South, in a position favorable to the control of an area that will be subjected to the fortification process starting from the second half of the 10th century, it is linked to strategic and politico-military issues. The chronicle, in addition to the description of the place, reports the main events experienced by the monastery: the initial dedication to the SS. Trinity; the subsequent translation of the relics of San Clemente from Rome granted by Pope Adrian II; the Saracen invasions occurred between 915 and 920; the passage under pontifical jurisdiction; the advent of the Normans and the restoration work on the complex between the 11th and 12th centuries commissioned by the Benedictine abbots Grimoaldo and Leonate. This succession of events highlights the "political" importance assumed by the Abbey of San Clemente a Casauria, comparable to that of other well-known monastic centers in central Italy, such as Montecassino, San Vincenzo al Volturno, Farfa, Subiaco.
The facade of the church is preceded by a portico with three arches supported by columns with historiated capitals. Of the three entrance doors, the central bronze portal is of greater interest, decorated with 72 figured panels and accompanied by a rich sculptural apparatus characterizing the lunette, the architrave and the jambs: the bas-reliefs describe the foundation, the donation and the history of the abbey in accordance with what is described in the Chronicon. The building shows a plan divided into three naves separated by pointed arches on pillars, which lead to an elevated transept with a single semicircular apse. The crypt is accessible thanks to two stairs placed at the ends of the side aisles. Of considerable importance for the history of medieval Abruzzo art are the finely carved elements of religious furniture that stand out inside the church: the pulpit and the paschal candle along the main nave and the ciborium that stands out at the bottom of the apse. It should also be noted the presence of a marble reliquary containing the remains of San Clemente near the ciborium. At the Abbey of San Clemente a Casauria it is possible to visit the Antiquarium dedicated to the intellectual Pier Luigi Calore, known for his research activities conducted in the Abruzzo region at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Inside, considerable archaeological and medieval remains are exhibited.

Fis2, ikeharel, pierrefonds, jhm, COSTANTINO, ChrisJ, adramad, mcmtanyel, PaulVDV has marked this note useful

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 19170 W: 130 N: 40487] (215469)
  • Genre: 場所
  • Medium: カラー
  • Date Taken: 2021-08-24
  • Exposure: f/0.1, 30 seconds
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2021-09-09 0:28
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Points: 36
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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 19170 W: 130 N: 40487] (215469)
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