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Photographer's Note

A mushroom on the top of Szczeliniec Wielki in the Stolowe Mountains.

The Stolowe Mountains are the only example in Poland of mountains built of horizontaly laid rocky layers. These rocks, called joint sandstones, interlaid with marls were created in the sediments of the sea, which in late Cretaceous period (100 millions years ago) came to this region. They lie on an even older, dated from Permian period, sandstones and conglomerates.
The development of the sculpture of the Stolowe Mountains began after the withdrawal of the Cretaceous sea (about 70 millions years ago). Periods of the tectonic stillness, separated by three phases of tectonic movements, created the three flat-topped steps, rising to a height of:

* 850 - 919 m - flat-topped bastions built of upper joint sandstones - Szczeliniec Wielki, Szczeliniec Maly, Skalniak and Naroznik.
* 500 - 800 m - plateau of Karlow and Lezyce, covered by marls.
* 400 - 500 m - the lowest south-eastern part.

(From the page of Stolowe Mts. National Park)

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