写真

Photographer's Note

Initially known as Saint Mary's Church, the Black Church (14th-15th centuries) is the largest Gothic church in Romania and within the territory between Vienna and Istanbul. It is said on this place it was a small chapel destroyed by Tartars in 1242. The building of the actual church began in 1385 and took a century till it was erected (1477). The year 1477 is written in Gothic letters on the front gate, the only piece made in wood that resisted the fire started by the Austrians in 1689. The church derived its name from its walls being blackened by this fire that destroyed all pieces made in wood, the ancient organ and the bells.
The church is built of friable grit stones and andesite arranged in cubic shape. That's the reason why the statues placed on the exteriors couldn't survive the time and had to be replaced by new ones. The oldest statue still standing belongs to Saint Peter and it is to be seen on the Southern part of the church.

The church comprises six portals, representing different architectural styles from Gothic to Renaissance style. The portal placed on the East side of the church was built in 1436 by Matei Corvin. He also added a fresco to the interior gate. Inside the church there are three naves splitted by pillars. The Gothic elements mix with Baroque.
On the Southeast portal still exists a fresco, dated 15th century, representing Saint Mary sitting on a throne with Jesus in her arms, surrounded by angels and Saint Ecaterina and Barbara. The attitude on their faces made me think of the Italian Renaissance style.
On the North side there is a Golden gate with a small portico placed somewhere between the buttresses. The portico is covered by a simple ogive and on the facade there is a semicircular arch. Right above there are sculptured leaves, reminiscence of the Gothic style.

from here: http://www.brasovtravelguide.ro/bv-en/brasov/black-church.php

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