写真

Photographer's Note

Polje sa lekovitiom biljem.

Pogled na polje sa lekovitim biljem, koje sa nalazi pored sume u planini.
Lekovite biljke (u literaturi se moze sresti i termin medicinske biljke) se koriste u zvanicnoj ili narodnoj medicini za lecenje bolesti ili ocuvanje zdravlja ljudi. Danas se koristi oko 10.000 vrsta biljaka i posvecuje im se velika paznja upravo u cilju pronalazenja boljih lekova koji bi po organizam coveka bili sto je moguce manje stetni.
Mnoge farmakopeje u svetu koriste biljke za dobijanje lekova jer su bogate sadrzajem alkaloida, glikozida, smole, etarskih ulja i dr. Nauka koja se bavi izucavanjem lekovitog bilja, odnosno drogama bioloskog porekla naziva se farmakognozija.
Istorija upotrebe biljaka u lecenju tesno je povezana sa istorijom i razvojem ljudskog drustva. Najstariji pisani dokumenti poticu iz Kine 3000 godina p. n. e. kada se znalo za vise od stotinu lekovitih biljaka medju kojima se neke i danas koriste, kao npr. rebarbara (Rheum ssp.) i cimet. Godina 1806. obelezena je zaslugom nemackog apotekara Fridriha Vilhelma Sertinera (nem. Friedrich Wilhelm Sertrner 17831841), koji je prvi izolovao morfin iz opijuma, kao pocetak strucne farmakognozije.



Field with medicinal herbs.

View of the field with medicinal herbs, which is located next to the forest in the mountains.
Medicinal plants (the term medicinal plant can also be found in the literature) are used in official or folk medicine to treat diseases or preserve human health. Today, about 10,000 species of plants are used and great attention is paid to them in order to find better drugs that would be as harmful as possible to the human body.
Many pharmacopoeias in the world use plants to obtain medicines because they are rich in alkaloids, glycosides, resins, essential oils and others. The science that deals with the study of medicinal herbs, ie drugs of biological origin, is called pharmacognosy.
The history of the use of plants in healing is closely connected with the history and development of human society. The oldest written documents date back to China in 3000 BC. n. e. when it was known about more than a hundred medicinal plants, some of which are still used today, such as rhubarb (Rheum ssp.) and cinnamon. The year 1806 was marked by the German pharmacist Friedrich Wilhelm Sertrner (1783-1841), who was the first to isolate morphine from opium, as the beginning of professional pharmacognosy.

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