写真

Photographer's Note

BBirjand (Persian: بیرجند) is the capital of South Khorasan province (formerly a subprovince named Birjand or Quhestan, a part of Khorasan province) in the east Iran, known for its saffron, barberry, rug and handmade carpet exports.
The city has a dry climate with significant difference between day and night temperatures. It is a fast growing city, thus becoming a major centre in the East of Iran after Mashad and Zahedan. Birjand is the biggest and the most important city in the east,Iran. Birjand has emerged as the centre of Quhestan, following the decline of historical city of Qaen in the Safavid period likely due to a major earthquake[citation needed]. Since then the AlamAlam clan had ruled the region till the end of Qajar dynasty. During the semi-autonomous ruling of Alam clan, Great Britain and Russia established consular branches in Birjand, because of the important geographical location of the region in the vicinity of the Indian subcontinent. The father of the prime minister Alam was the Amir of Quhestan's subprovince Qhaenat(Center city: Qaen) still into the Pahlavi era. And concurrent with the governor ruling, last prince of Birjand was related with the Alam clan and the Reza Shah Pahlavi. The power of the prince based from the district Moud, where it's said all people were related with him. Nevertheless, he had little political power and functioned as a speaking tube of the people generally. However Birjand lost its geopolitical importance following the emergence of Reza Shah Pahlavi and his policy of central government. The entire Quhestan region then became a part of the modern Khorasan province. The local people, however, started a movement to become an independent province at the middle of the second Pahlavi period. The move resulted after about forty years and Quhestan and particularly Birjand regained its historical importance in 2004 after official division of Khorasan to three smaller provinces by the government of Islamic Republic of Iran.
Akbarieh:
This aggregate was central nucleolus of Akbarieh Village in the Past. It was constructed as a multi-purpose complex as governmental and residential. Some parts of this building belonged to Alam family. The central part was used for governmental and administration activities. There are different parts in this aggregate like portal, edifice, stable, bath, wine house, administration section, ceremony hall, pool and This aggregate, covering an area of 45,069 Square meters, is constructed east to west and is presently used as library and College of Art.

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